Wildlife

 The animal kingdom is more or less the same across Gorski kotar. Here, we shall focus on some of the more significant representatives.

Among the invertebrates, certain butterflies are protected as rare species: the yellow swallowtail, scarce swallowtail, purple emperor and mountain Apollo. Common amphibians include the Alpine salamander and Alpine newt, and various frog species (the green and common toad). Another typical species is the viviparous lizard, which gives birth to live young rather than laying eggs. The rare Aesculapian snake (a protected species) can be found in deciduous (bright) forests. In warmer, sun-exposed areas, one can encounter Europe's most venomous snake, the horned viper, while mountainous zones are home to the common adder.

When it comes to birds, the fir and mixed beech and fir forests are home to the Eurasian jay, spotted nutcracker, bullfinch, finch, and willow, coal and great tit. The mistle and song thrush nest in higher areas. We should not forget Croatia's smallest birds: the goldcrest and firecrest. The Eurasian wren can often be encountered along the roads, logging trails and mountain paths. Other common birds include the grey-headed and great spotted woodpecker. The three-toed woodpecker (an ice age relict) and black woodpecker are particularly important. The brown owl is a typical owl species in this region.

One can also encounter the northern goshawk and imperial eagle, though this latter is found only in harsh, barely accessible mountain regions. The quiet, mixed forests between 700 and 1,200 metres above sea level are home to the western capercaillie (wood grouse), which is in danger of becoming extinct.

As far as mammals are concerned, the ancient inhabitants of the local forests include the brown bear and wolf. One can also encounter the pine marten. The weasel is a widespread species. The wildcat, on the other hand, is rather rare and is therefore protected. The main game is roe deer, but it has been excessively hunted. There are also wild boars, especially in the meadows at the foot of Mount Bjelolasica. Other frequent forest animals include the hare, fat dormouse, European hamster, wood mouse, bank vole, and hedgehog. The squirrel is protected, as it has become very rare.

 

Službene stranice Gorskog kotara rađene su u suradnji sa Turističkom zajednicom Kvarnera